Gross gender inequality still exists globally despite of substantial national and international measures that have been taken towards gender equality.
The degree and causes of gender inequality is different throughout the world. Noticeable crimes against women consist of violence, femicide and rape. Honor killing is also an add on to the list, where a female member of a family is killed for the perception of having brought dishonor to the family. It has become a massive issue in countries such as Pakistan and the Muslim Middle East too. Approximately 5,000 women in India suffer bride burning due to insufficient dowry payment!
These actions are not only unlawful violence against women, but also towards the whole of humanity.
Sex-selective abortion is yet another major disaster of gender inequality as it fuels human trafficking and sexual exploitation. India and China, the two most populated nations on Earth, both informally maintain this practice of preference for male child birth over female. Females are undervalued and in Chinese society, under one child policy, families opt mostly for boys over girls. It is so evident in India that the birth of a boy is welcomed while that of a girl is viewed as a burden. Indubitably, sex-selection is a violation of the right to life and has distorted the natural sex ratios of 50/50 in countries in which it is practiced.
From an economic viewpoint, gender discrimination is also a major hinderance to growth as it prevents countries from reaching their maximum productivity potential. Although women constitute 40% of the global work force, there are still many who are unpaid family workers in the informal sector. Those who do work are generally paid much below that of male workers, despite being equally capable and skilled. Furthermore, their status and promotion is limited to middle or below ranks, they are laid off pre-retirement age more frequently than men, they have limited educational opportunity, and they typically run smaller farms and less profitable enterprises. Due to these obvious restrictions, many countries experience loss of productivity.
Where is the world going? Is feels hard to be a woman and live with liberty. Gender gap is only worsening and not becoming better.
The collaboration of local communities, institutions, national authorities and international bodies is essential to bring a change and promoting the value of women. They all must act hand in hand with respect to communication, education, leadership, and cultural norms and traditional values in order to shift the attitude and mindset of the population in favor of gender equality — respecting mothers, daughters, sisters who are equal partners in allways to men.